Аmlа Plant : Amla is а рlаnt оf the Euрhоrbiасeаe fаmily. Its scientific name is Phyllanthus emblica. Its fruit tаblet is оvаl, sрheriсаl tо flаttened sрheriсаl, white in соlоr, rind green, eаsy tо rоugh, semitrаnsраrent, divided intо 6-8 segments. The flооr оf the fruit is сleаn оr bаrely rаised. The kernels оf the fruit vаry frоm sрheriсаl tо triаngulаr in shарe. The оuter wаll оf the seed is сhаllenging аnd the seed is mild brоwn tо dаrkish brоwn in соlоr. Аmlа is weаlthy in Vitаmin ‘С‘. It is like а strоng mediсinаl drug tо hоld аwаy frоm а vаriety оf kinds оf аilments аnd аilments. Its fruits саn be used eасh sраrkling аnd dried.
Аmlа сultivаtiоn in Indiа саn be ассоmрlished effiсасiоusly in аreаs with аltitude uр tо 1800 m аbоve seа level. It hаs а dаngerоus imрасt оf frоst in its new gаrdens in winter, hоwever а full grоwn gооseberry tree hаs the аbility tо tоlerаte temрerаture uр tо 0-46 diрlоmа Сelsius. Wаrm surrоunding helр in the lаunсh оf flоwer buds. In July-Аugust, exсessive humidity соnsuming surrоundings helрs in the bооm оf dоrmаnt smаll fruits.
Varieties Of Amla :
Among the types of gooseberry, Chakaiya, Banarasi, Francis, Krishna, Kanchan, Narendra Amla 6, 7, 10, Ganga, and Bhawanisagar are prominent. manures and fertilizers
For desirable boom and development, gooseberry needs to be given at the charge of a hundred grams of nitrogen, 60 grams of phosphorus, and seventy-five grams of potash per tree each and every year. Along with this, 250 to five hundred grams of zinc sulfate ought to give to the fruiting flora at an interval of 2-3 years if signs and symptoms of zinc deficiency consider in the wasteland.
Irrigation Period Of Amla:
Irrigation in Amla achieve twice in the summertime and solely as soon as in winter. Apart from this, by using making pits around the flowers before the onset of rain, the flora gets masses of water and after the rain ends, by covering this baggage with crop residue, the moisture stays in the soil for a lengthy time.
Storage Of Amla:
The major motive for storing gooseberry is to expand its availability for processing. Depending on the variety, mature fruits can save in low-power storage for 6 to 9 days. Apart from this, its fruits can save at bloodless temperatures (5-7 ° C) for two months and fruits can save in 15 percent salt solution at everyday temperature for seventy-five days.
Flowering And Fruit Growth:
Gooseberry flora comes in the spring. Amla flowering begins in the remaining week of March and lasts for three weeks. Flowering starts offevolved previously in Biju varieties, whilst flowering takes place later in business varieties.
Flowering takes place twice a 12 months (February-March and June-July) in South India. Second-time plant life gives less yield than first-time flowers. The most increase in fruits happens in the month of September. In North Indian prerequisites the fruits mature by way of November.
In gooseberry usually, tissue decay and rust ailment occur. For their control, a spray of 0.4-0.5 borax should execute for the first time in April, 2d time in July, and 1/3 time in September. Spraying of 0.2 Dithane Z seventy-eight or Mancozeb ought to execute at 15-day intervals to manage tissue decay and rust.
Apart from the shoot gall desk in the gooseberry, bark and leaf-eating bugs are prominent. For their control, metacystox or dimethoate for bark bugs and in addition, cotton wool soaked in kerosene puts in the holes of the stem and closed with clay. 0.5 ml for a leaf-eating insect. Phosphomidan should dissolve in one liter of water and spray. 1.25ml for shoot gall desk monocrotophos or 0.6 ml. Spraying of Phosphomidan per liter of water must do.
Maturity Of Amla:
Maturity index in business gooseberry sorts decides on the groundwork of TSS, acid ratio, and relative density after fruit set. In Banarasi and Krishna sorts maturity comes 17-18 weeks after fruiting, whilst in Kanchan and Francis, it takes 20 weeks. It takes about 23 weeks for fruit maturity in the Chakaiyya variety. The relative density at maturity discovers to be higher than 1.0 in all varieties. The best way to decide the maturity of gooseberry is by using looking at the exchange in the coloration of the fruit (from inexperienced to vibrant white inexperienced or yellowish-green) or the trade in the coloration of the seeds (light yellowish-white to brown).
Harvesting the fruits of gooseberry complete by using hand. Due to no longer being feasible in giant trees, this action is additionally achieve via hiking stairs made of bamboo.
The gooseberry plant begins giving fruit after 1/3 12 months of planting and the Biju plant after 6-8 years. Kalmi plant starts off evolved giving full fruit after 10-12 years. If the plant is nicely taken care of, it maintains bearing fruit for a lengthy time.